Despite making required contributions, Maine’s pension plan is still woefully underfunded. The Institute for Truth in Accounting posted the following article yesterday. Here are a few excerpts:
As prescribed in Maine’s constitution, the state has been funding the Maine Public Employees Retirement System (MainePERS) in amounts equal to the annual required contributions calculated according to Governmental Accounting Standards Board rules since 1998.
Despite this good funding record MainePERS was still considered endangered as of June 30, 2009, because its asset-to-liability level is only 67.7%. Put another way the state had less than 68 cents to cover every dollar of benefits promised. The plan’s funding ratio has also been hurt by investment losses. At that time MainePERS only had $8.3 billion of assets to cover the $12.3 billion of pension benefits promised. Federal law considers a pension plan “endangered” when its funding ratio falls below 80 percent.
A great deal of this underfunding occurred before 1998 when elected officials promised pension benefits without setting money aside to fund these commitments. Investment losses have also contributed to this underfunding. In 1995 the state constitution was changed to end this practice in relation to the pension plan, but as mentioned below this practice continues today in relation to the retirees’ health care plans.
The schedule above also indicates that to pension benefits promised equal more than 2 times current payroll. Of course, all the amounts and percentages are based upon an assumed rate of return on investment of 7.5%. If the plan assets make less than that rate of return, then the taxpayers will have to pay additional money to adequately fund the plan. The increased money could be considerable if you take into account a U.S. Government Accountability Office study that indicated pension plans’ historical rates of return have only been 4.5%.
The schedule above also displays dismal percentages for the state’s OPEB plans. These plans are for Other Post Employment Benefits, mostly retirees’ health care benefits. As indicated very little money has been set aside to fund these benefits. Less than 5 cents has been set aside for every dollar of benefits promised. In dollar terms only $117 million has been set aside to fund more than $2.4 billion of retirees’ health care benefits promised.
Like the promise of pension benefits, the promise of retirees’ health care benefits has been used by elected officials to make the state budget appear balanced, while not including all of the compensation costs incurred during the budget period.